More people prefer adding CBD to their morning caffeine fixes or protein shakes. But, do they get super high with red, stoned eyes before their meeting at work? The common misconception with using CBD Oil is that one, people consume it to get their ‘daily dose of high,’ and two, it alters their behavior and consciousness to the degree that is entirely out of the norm.
Is this true?
Firstly, there are a few facts that you need to know about CBD before we proceed.
- Cannabis, such as marijuana and hemp, consists of 80 cannabinoids, including cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
- THC is the psychotropic cannabinoid that is usually responsible for inducing the ‘high effect’ associated with marijuana.
- Both marijuana and hemp differ in their psychotropic properties, mainly due to the amount of THC present.
- Interestingly, marijuana contains a high proportion of THC in contrast to CBD. Hemp, on the other hand, contains the psychoactive cannabinoid in fractional amounts that is 0.3%, which is not sufficient to alter your mental function and mood.
- Many products contain CBD as an active component, such as in cosmetics. But, not all products have the exact amount of THC labeled on the item’s packaging.
How is CBD Oil Made from Hemp?
The extraction of CBD Oil depends purely on the quality of the hemp plant you have picked for the process. The richer the hemp plant is in CBD, the better the quality of the oil extracted from it!
The extraction process of the hemp plant is mainly done to isolate the medicinal plant compounds from its active chemicals so that the end product is pure and free from toxins. The resulting extract, also known as the ‘crude extract,’ is open from neurotoxic residues such as THC and other cannabinoids as they can compromise mental status.
To make the ‘crude extract,’ the hemp plant undergoes an extraction process with the help of a solvent such as butane, hexane, or CO2. Butane and hexane, however, might leave residues of neurotoxic cannabinoids behind, which would result in an impure extract.
Subcritical/Supercritical CO2 Extraction Process
CO2 is maintained at high pressure but low temperature to preserve the purity of the isolated plant compounds. This process is supercritical in determining the purity of the extracted CBD Oil but around 90% efficient in contrast to other methods. CBD-rich oil from CO2 extraction is usually expensive, mainly because the technique involves the use of delicate and pricey equipment.
Since ethanol extraction is not as pricey as CO2 extraction, it is mainly the choice of method used for making CBD-rich oil. Ethanol extraction, despite its contrastingly inexpensive way, isolates water-soluble compounds such as chlorophyll along with CBD. The resulting crude extract is not only rich in CBD but also chlorophyll, which has a distinctive grassy taste and dark hue to it.
This extract undergoes post-extraction processing in order to remove the chlorophyll from the extract. But, the entire extraction process requires an operator with expertise and finesse. The resulting extract is not only rich in CBD but of supreme quality that is approved for routine day use as food additives or preservatives by the FDA.
Less Popular Extraction Methods
Other extraction processes such as Lipid or Hydrocarbon Extraction are less used and hence, might undergo purification for end consumption. Hydrocarbon Extraction uses butane or hexane as solvents, which might leave toxic impurities behind. Lipid extraction, on the other hand, uses organic coconut oil or fats to extract the CBD oil from the hemp plant and is ideally used by cosmetic brands.
CBD is now legal in all 50 states of America, but with selective regulatory restrictions that might affect its consumption. However, the FDA passed a regulatory release in 2015 in favor of CBD to be used in clinical trials for research purposes.