The broadband industry has experienced serious changes over the past few years. One of the areas that have undergone numerous changes is internet speed. Internet providers have been introducing new internet speed solutions in a bid to survive in the competitive market. The world is in high demand for higher bandwidth, and internet providers are trying to compare broadband opportunities and exploit the available technology options to their advantage.
The ever-growing need for stable and fast internet connections in both urban and rural areas has led to the introduction of new data transmission technologies and other solutions that increase internet speeds. Below are some technologies that have brought positive changes in speeds for both wireless broadband technologies and wired technologies.
Changes Wired Broadband Technologies
Despite the high cost of installation, internet service providers are shifting to fiber because it delivers a higher bandwidth that seems to be future proof. Fiber optics is currently the fastest when it comes to data transmission from one point to another. Optical fiber lines have high transmission rates of more than 100 Gbps and a broad efficiency range up to 60 km. This transmission method is also less prone to interferences experienced in other types of wired technologies.
Another technology that is increasing internet speed is the use of WDN on passive optical networks. WDM increases the capacity of the passive optical networks by including an additional wavelength to the fiber. The new wavelengths improve the bandwidth to the capacity of delivering 1-Gb/s service on a single wavelength.
G.fast can be described as a higher- speed model of DSL. Just like the WDM PON, G.fast technologies improve the delivery capability of the twisted cable. The technology can deliver 1 Gb/s in loops shorter than 1,000 feet. Network operators can utilize G.fast to provide high-speed internet using twisted –pair wiring over short distances such within an apartment.
Changes in Wireless Technologies
Fixed Wireless Access
It is sometimes challenging to use wired internet technologies in areas where trenching is expensive. People in these areas enjoy internet services provided by wireless internet service providers. The speeds for wireless internet are slower when you compare broadband technologies, but this continues to change due to regular upgrades to improve the speeds. Cellular networks have evolved faster generations, such as 3G and 4G, with each providing a faster wireless network.
Long Term Evolution (LTE)
The introduction of LTE in 4G enabled this wireless technology to increase peak data rates, reduce latency, and have a scalable bandwidth capacity than the 4G network. This network can also manage both broad-cast and multicast streams and allows smooth handovers for voice and data to the older model cell towers.
5G is the next phase of mobile telecommunications after the current 4G/LTE. The fifth mobile radio generation is already in the market, and internet service providers are building their infrastructure with the new development in mind. In terms of speed, this new technology can handle up to 10 Gbps in uploads and 20 Gbps for downloads.
The network also boasts of better coverage, signaling efficiency, and reduced latency. Wireless internet companies see this as a new opportunity to increase their internet speeds.
Low Earth Orbit Satellites
Another upcoming technology that is expected to improve internet speed is the LEO satellites. Unlike the typical satellites, these satellites orbit at a distance of less than 2000km above the earth. The short distance allows better web performance and covers wider areas. This new technology lowers latency rate to less than 50 milliseconds round trip hence covering wider areas with faster internet speeds.
Light Fidelity (LiFi)
LiFi uses visible light communication or infra-red to provide high-speed wireless communication. Several companies are developing this new technology that delivers bidirectional communication through light produced by light-emitting diodes. This new wireless technology will be 100 times faster than WiFi and will be useful in electromagnetic sensitive areas like nuclear plants, hospitals, and aircraft cabins.