The essay is derived from the French word essayer, which means to try, and essays to test. It is this initial meaning of the word that seems to relax a little and allows you to accept the word as a reference to a non-binding work that we only test ourselves for by reasoning. Unfortunately, what is left of the original conception of the word in writing is that it gives more freedom to the writer than the text of another genre. A good essay has a clear idea, its own logic, its completeness, its original style of teaching ideas. Essays can be very diverse: publicist, personal, literary, scholarly, as well as different in their topics – geographic travel, historical information, cultural, etc.

The question is how to reach a level where a clear idea can be associated with a seemingly non-binding attempt, a strict logic with spontaneous personal insights. Before writing, you first need to think about your reader, read at least an essay sample and think about your own views, opinions, how much they are subjective and can be interesting or understandable to others. And here are some essay writing strategies.

When writing an essay, any essay types, the student has to read a lot of literature on the chosen topic and to state clearly and reasonably his / her critical attitude to the statements in the scientific literature and the problems being addressed. It is up to him/her to analyze them, suggest solutions, identify directions for future research and invite them to the discussion. An argument without an essay (Latin argumentum – “basis of proof”) is not an essay but an obscure essay.

The essay is a work of free composition, but there are several main stages:

– choice of theme,
– introduction, main part,
– list of literature and electronic sources,
– accessories.

1. Choice of Theme

Students usually choose a topic from the list of topics suggested by the lecturer, but with the approval of the supervisor, the student can suggest his or her original, well-known or interesting topic.

Selecting or suggesting an interesting topic for your work process

– start with a literature search, find out if there will be enough literature to write your essay;
– carefully consider the issues, problems with the essay;
– answer the questions, what are the assumptions, what general attitude prevails in the chosen topic, what are the terms and supporting words related to it;
– decide what views, thoughts should be expressed, which ones are being developed or just mentioned.

2. Introduction

According to Aristotle, the beginning is more than half the work. In the short introductory section (one or two paragraphs), introduce the topic of the essay, the problem, and at the end, the thesis related to the subject. Try to arouse the reader’s interest, to formulate intrigue.

3. The main part

Although the essay writing format is relatively loose, there are several necessary structural elements to the main body (text). Adhere to the plan and the main theses and their arguments, and consistently connect paragraphs. Observe whether all arguments lead to conclusions and generalization. Each new thought is written out of a new paragraph (about 100 words) or several paragraphs. A sequence of thoughts can be causal derivative, comparative, or simply thematic, such as talking about the same object in the first paragraph (s) historically, the second aesthetically, the third ethically, the first existential, the second social, the third cultural the first – locally, the second – globally, the third – personally.

4. List of references and electronic sources

Because of the importance of citations, they must be presented strictly in accordance with established procedures.

5. Accessories

The annexes provide information supplementing the main part of the work (numbered tables, figures, diagrams), and the text should include references to certain annexes.

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